A message from the Sudanese National Academy of Sciences to national academies of science, United Nations institutions, and academic and research institutions of the African Union.

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A total of 104 government and private higher education institutions in Sudan, as well as research centres and the National Fund for Student Welfare have been damaged and vandalised since April when the Sudanese Armed Forces (SAF) and the paramilitary Rapid Support Forces (RSF) became embroiled in a war.

All institutions in Khartoum State, where the capital is also located, as well as several in other states, have been affected.

The scale of destruction in Sudan’s higher education sector was outlined in a statement posted on Facebook on 27 August by the country’s ministry of higher education and scientific research which condemned the destruction. The ministry’s own offices were damaged in a fire that affected several floors.

“In the state of Khartoum, all public universities and their faculties were affected, in addition to more than 10 private universities, two national universities, and 20 university colleges,” according to the statement.

In addition, in some of the other 17 states, six public universities and their faculties were affected by looting, the crushing [of infrastructure] and arson in addition to damage to a number of private university faculties. The properties and homes of faculty members and workers have also been systematically targeted in the conflict.

In addition to the damage to infrastructure, transportation systems were also immobilised.

“All of the crimes against higher education and scientific research institutions and their employees have caused academic and research activity to stop in those institutions,” the ministry said.

Speaking to University World News, Dr Abdelillah Douda, a Darfuri academic, said Sudan’s higher education system would need years to be rebuilt “even if the war stops today, because the infrastructures of most of these colleges were destroyed by the fighting factions”.

“A clear example of this destruction is the University of El-Geneina, Zalengi, and Nyala in Darfur, which were burned to ashes,” Douda said.

Also, the entrance to the International University of Africa, a private university in Khartoum, and its main gate appear to have been burned as indicated in photos posted on X (formerly known as Twitter) on 6 August.

As a result of the turmoil, Sudan’s minister of higher education and scientific research, Professor Mohamed Hassan Dahab Ahmed, on 14 August closed all public, private and national universities and higher education institutions and suspended all academic activities until further notice.

Dire consequences

The consequences of the destruction of the education system, including higher education, are troubling commentators who predict that Sudan will face a shortage of qualified skilled workers which will affect the society’s economic development.

The shortage is due to the continuous disruption, for several years, of higher education because of the Sudanese revolution, the COVID-19 outbreak and the current armed clashes.

Douda, who earlier issued an appeal for humanitarian help in Darfur, said: “Disabling Sudanese universities and higher education institutions from carrying out their functions to provide qualified cadres who can contribute to the social and economic promotion of the community would automatically hamper society’s economic development.

“Sudan will face an acute shortage of skilled workers to help with rebuilding the country after this war because most current cadres have fled the country … and universities stopped producing new cadres to fill the gap,” Douda stressed.

The shortage may also affect teaching and research staff. The Sudanese University Professors Committee, or LAGSU, issued a statement on 27 August saying that halting the academic and research processes of university professors and the subsequent financial crisis they are experiencing had negatively affected their performance and pushed them to migration.

“We see the need to activate the agreements concluded with foreign universities and regional and international memorandums of understanding. The time has come to make maximum use of it so as not to lose the rest of them by [their] emigrating from the homeland,” according to the statement.

Impact on students

Adil Mohamed Ali, the executive director of the Sudanese Environment Conservation Society and a former coordinator at the United Nations Development Programme, or UNDP, told University World News the impact on students was “devastating”.

“Uncertain about their future, they are under great stress coupled with the impact of the SAF-RSF armed clashes that started in mid-April and has been ongoing for four months now,” Ali added.

“The development process and the well-being of the country will definitely suffer from the continuous disruption in the education process that dates back to 2019, with the start of the revolution in December 2018 that led to Omar al-Bashir’s removal from office, followed by the sudden shut-down of universities because of COVID-19, and, finally, the current RSF-SAF armed clashes,” Ali stressed.

“My daughter, for example, entered the Faculty of Mathematics in 2016 and she is still in her fourth year. Study in her faculty was suspended before the revolution and this suspension continued for almost three years,” Ali explained.

Similarly, a medical university student, one of many, who started her studies in 2017 has not graduated up till now because of the continuous disruption of university studies, according to a 16 August TV programme Eye on Africa, which showed how war pushed Sudan’s faltering education system into a state of collapse.

Education in the time of war

According to Ali, innovative solutions should be engineered, and virtual and e-learning platforms should be developed and availed to students, especially those who live in remote areas that suffer from intermittent internet services and power cuts.

“Flexible intra-universities cooperation should be established to give the students more opportunities to continue their education at other universities when there is conflict in their own state,” he said.

After two years of disruption because of political volatility and the COVID-19 pandemic, the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) has launched the Learning Passport, an online and offline e-learning platform and almost free of charge, in Sudan to enable schoolchildren to take part in flexible learning in different parts of Sudan, according to Ali.

“Similar systems should be developed by the universities to give equal chances to their students,” said Ali.

Douda said Sudan’s HE sector had two options.

“First to promote an online training system for their students, but this option is very difficult to achieve because of the continuous disruption of power and communication systems, particularly the internet in most of the country, in addition to the lack of well-trained faculties to perform these types of classes.

“The second option is to make agreements with Egyptian universities to open their doors to Sudanese students,” Douda pointed out.

“I was in Cairo last November and I was really shocked by the large number of Sudanese students in Egyptian colleges. Moreover, the expenses of going to university are way cheaper for Sudanese students in Egypt than in Sudan,” he said.

“If higher education leadership in the two countries manages to reach such an agreement, it will help Sudan a lot in the future. I believe Egyptian universities can accommodate 60% of Sudanese students,” Douda concluded.

Both parents and higher education leaders are worried about the future of thousands of students, but, unfortunately, there is little that can be done, Douda said.


يستقبل معهد الأمراض المتوطنه - جامعة الخرطوم العزاء للمغفور له بإذن الله تعالى البروفيسور أحمد محمد الحسن.
استاذنا واستاذ الآلاف من ابناء السودان وغيره.
مؤسس معهد الأمراض المتوطنه جامعة الخرطوم.
اللهم تقبله عندك احسن القبول واجزه عنا خير ما جزيت معلما عن طلابه.
يقام العزاء غدا في مباني المعهد في المجمع الطبي جامعة الخرطوم من الساعة 9 صباحا إلى الساعة ٢ ظهرا.

بروفيسور أحمد محمد الحسن
(10إبريل 1930- 10 نوفمبر 2022)
رائد علم الأمراض في السودان

بقلم بروفيسورأحمد الصافي

فارقنا في نهار الخميس العاشر من نوفمبر 2022 أستاذي وصديقي بروفيسور أحمد محمد الحسن، نسأل الله أن يتقبله قبولاً حسناً وأن ينزله مع النبيين والصديقين والصالحين وأن يرحمه رحمة واسعة. شق علينا فراقه لكنا لا نقول إلا ما يرضي الله، إنا لله وإنا إليه راجعون.
دكتور أحمد محمد الحسن عالم أمراض وباحث ومعلم. تخرج في مدرسة كتشنر الطبية في 1955 متوجة بثلاثة جوائز وامتياز: وجائزة كتشنر والباطنية والجراحة. نال دبلوم علم الأمراض السريري من جامعة لندن في 1960 والدكتوراه من جامعة أدنبره في 1964. كان من المؤسسين لكلية علماء الأمراض الملكية في إنجلترا في 1964 وأول من نال زمالتها.
كانت السيرة المهنية لأحمد محمد الحسن حلقات متصلة من العطاء، فقد انغمس في التدريس والبحوث وقام بنشر العديد من الأبحاث في مجال الأورام والأمراض المتوطنة أهلته لنيل درجة الأستاذية ليكون بذلك أول أستاذ في هذا العلم في 1966والأستاذ الممتاز في 1991. والمتأمل في السيرة الذاتية لدكتور أحمد محمد الحسن يجد اتصالاً في النشر العلمي طوال حياته حتى ناهزت أوراقه العلمية المنشورة الأربعمائة وأكثر من 4 كتب.
نظر دكتور أحمد محمد الحسن إلى مهنة الطب نظرة شاملة ومتقدمة حينما كان عميداً لكلية الطب جامعة الخرطوم في 1970، وحين كان أول رئيس لمجلس الأبحاث الطبية بالمجلس القومي للبحوث (1972-1977)، وحين أسس معهد المختبرات الطبية في 1966 الذى صار كلية المختبرات الطبية – جامعة الخرطوم لاحقاً، أو حين كان وزيراً مؤسساً لوزارة التعليم العالي والبحث العلمي في العام 1971. وحين أسس جمعية البلهارسيا في 1965ووسجل السودان للسرطان الذي أنشأه في 1966بمعاونة دكتور دينس بيركت ودكتور السيد داود حسن، ومعهد أمراض المناطق الحارة في 1993 والجمعية السودانية لطب المناطق الحارة في 1994والأكاديمية الوطنية السودانية للعلوم في 2005.
في عام 1993، أنشأ أحمد محمد الحسن معهد الأمراض المتوطنة بجامعة الخرطوم وسكب فيه عصارة خبرته ورؤاه لمستقبل الأبحاث في أهم أمراض السودان حيث جمع في ذلك المعهد ما بين البحث في العلوم الأساسية مثل المناعة والأحياء الجزيئية مع العمل الحقلي فربط بذلك تلقائياً بين البحث والتطبيق. وتحت قيادته أيضاً وبإسهام الكادر العلمي المتميز الذي انتقاه وبالتعاون مع المجتمع العلمي البحثي والطبي داخل وخارج السودان، وتجسيداً لفلسفة البحث العلمي الميداني، أسس مركز أبحاث أمراض المناطق الحارة في دوكا قرب القضارف في شرق السودان.
كان من أبرز إنجازات دكتور أحمد محمد الحسن العلمية هي دراسة وفهم العلاقة المناعية بين مرض اللشمانيا الحشوية واللشمانيا الجلدية مما سمح بتطوير أول لقاح للشمانيا الحشوية تمت تجربته في المنطقة الموبوءة بدرجة مقبولة من النجاح، وساهم في فهم دور الأشعة فوق البنفسجية في مرضى الكالا أزار والأساس المناعي لذلك الأثر. ألهمت أبحاثه أجيالاً من الباحثين بالجمع ما بين العلوم الأساسية والتطبيقية السريرية.
نعزي بناته وأهله وعشيرته وأصدقائه داخل السودان وخارجه، كما نعزي أنفسنا طلابه وزملائه ومحبيه وعارفي فضله. وإنا لله وإنا إليه راجعون.


On 23 June 2022, the InterAcademy Partnership (IAP) and the Federation of European Academies of Medicine (FEAM) will organise an international conference on ‘Combatting zoonoses and addressing antimicrobial resistance (AMR) on the Planet with a One Health Approach’.

This will be a hybrid event, in Paris and via zoom, which will run from 09:00 to 16:00, with several panels throughout the day. The conference will bring together high-level global experts who will look at how to support the development of transdisciplinary approaches to One Health priorities.

Experts will also share lessons from good practices across Europe on One Health preparedness and response capacity and, together with policymakers, discuss EU priorities in the global context and explore how the EU can help lead global action.

As academic partners, this IAP and FEAM event is supported by the four French academies of Medicine, Veterinary Sciences, Pharmacy and Agriculture, the UK Academy of Medical Sciences, the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences and the Romanian Academy of Medical Sciences.

Find out more about the programme and register for the event

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November 2022
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The Federation of Chambers of Agriculture and Animal Production, in collaboration with The Agricultural Research Station, El Obeid held a conference in Khartoum (24th June 2021). The theme of
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In addition to many sectors and corporations involved in the agricultural production and processing of peanuts in Sudan who were present in the conference, the Sudanese National Academy of
Sciences (SNAS) participated with a presentation entitled:
“Establishing Sudanese Aflatoxin Research and Control Network (SAfNet)”

Tackling the effects of climate change on health in the Mediterranean and surrounding regions Including assessments from countries in the Middle East, North Africa and the Balkans A summary of a Workshop, May 2021

Click here to view the workshop

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